Do It Yourself (Knowledge) 1991-03, page 96

Diervilla cultivation, propagation, planting and care

Diervilla is a member of the honeysuckle family.
The Latin name of this plant - Dierville - comes from the name of a French surgeon named Maren Dierville. It was he who first imported this shrub to France from Canada. Dierwillas are deciduous shrubs that are distinguished by their bright green leaves arranged oppositely. The plant has a 5-membered calyx, which is also preserved on the fruits; there is also a tubular, narrow, two-lipped corolla. Sometimes this type of plant is classified as weigela because they have similar features.

These bushes are very beautiful and look very elegant in summer, and their thick shiny foliage is especially appreciated. In autumn it turns bright yellow or with a reddish tint. Diervillas are often used in landscaping to organize hedges, as well as to create decorative groups located near ponds.

Those species that are frost-resistant in central Russia are very suitable for cultivation in gardens.

Diervilla species

One of the North American species, Diervilla sessile folia, grows in the mountain forests of the eastern part of the continent. This is a shrub with dense branches 1.5-1.8 meters high. The shrub has elongated and ovoid leaves, which have a jagged edge and a rather strongly drawn out apex.

In July and August, umbrella-shaped inflorescences appear at the tips of the shoots, which consist of small, closely spaced yellow flowers of 3-7 pieces. In autumn, the capsule fruits ripen. In warm weather, two doors open on the box, from which small seeds spill out.

Fruiting of the bush occurs from the age of three.

Viburnum in the garden: growing and care

The second known species, Diervilla rivulata, is also a North American species, where it grows in mountain forests. The shrub reaches 1.5-2 meters, has rounded shoots, which are covered with hairs in cross-section.

Cultivated since 1898, it is often used as a ground cover plant when securing banks and slopes.

Diervilla honeysuckle also came to us from North America, where it lives on rocky slopes and along river banks. This is a low shrub 1-1.8 meters high. Its leaves are long (4-10 cm), oblong-oval in shape. The flowers are yellow, collected in inflorescences of 2-3 flowers. The species has been known in culture since 1700, and was the first species to become known.

Dierwills love moisture, and therefore in natural conditions they often live along the banks of streams and rivers. They are quite unpretentious to growing conditions, take root well and grow on any soil.

Diervilla - the plant received such an unusual name thanks to a French surgeon named Maren Dierville. It was he from Canada who brought this shrub to France.

Diervilla is an ornamental shrub that has a bright green and reddish color. Very often used in landscaping and making hedges.

For central Russia, only frost-resistant varieties are used.

Diervilla is a frost-resistant plant that can withstand temperatures down to -40 degrees. Water requirement is low. Can grow in sun or partial shade. Tolerates drought well. Attracts insects for pollination, so planting near apiaries is recommended. Studies have shown that one Diervilla flower contains 3-5 mg of nectar.

In summer, fragrant flowers and bright colors will delight you until autumn. Not expensive to operate. It grows very quickly. The leaves are especially decorative. This shrub is well suited for hedges. Diseases in Diervilla practically do not appear; pests also do not attack the bush, or this happens extremely rarely. Grows well in any soil.

One of the most popular varieties of Deervilla:• This is the North American species Diervilla sessile. This species mainly grows in mountain forests. Shrub, not very tall, about two meters.

The leaves are ovoid in shape with jagged edges. In July or August, inflorescences appear, which consist of small and yellow flowers. In autumn, instead of flowers, boxes appear from which seeds fall out.

The bush begins to bear fruit at the age of three years;

• Another famous species is Diervilla brook. The height of the bush reaches 1.5 – 2.0 meters. Very often, this species is used to stabilize the soil on the banks of lakes and rivers;

• Diervilla honeysuckle is the first species to become known. This is a low shrub, sometimes barely reaching 1.5 meters in height. The leaves are long, the flowers are not large, yellow;

• Diervilla brilliant – the leaves are reddish in color, the flowers are pale yellow during the flowering period. The branches are thin and numerous.

Diervilla belongs to the category of shrubs, which are characterized by a high level of elegance. It is precisely on this basis that this plant is of such great interest to most landscape designers and gardeners.

The genus Privet (Ligustrum) includes several dozen species, mainly shrubs, growing in Asia, Africa and Europe.

Most types of culture can be found in the Himalayas, Japan and China. The bark of the culture has an astringent medicinal property, hence the name of the genus - “ligare”, from the Latin verb “to bind”. Interestingly, in English-speaking countries the plant is known as Privet.

Good shade tolerance, low requirements for soil quality, tolerance to topiary and ease of care have made the ornamental privet shrub one of the most versatile plants in landscape design.

Description of privet

The plant is a densely foliated, branched and very hardy shrub, which is one of the most popular in horticulture for creating hedges.

The leaves are small, leathery, evergreen or deciduous. The height, depending on the type, is approximately 1.5-3 meters, but growth is perfectly controlled by pruning, which helps to form a wide variety of planting shapes. The height of dwarf varieties is only 60 -100 cm.

The flowers are white and fragrant, collected in loose paniculate inflorescences at the tops of the shoots, reminiscent of lilac flowers. Flowering is long lasting, usually beginning in early June. In warm climates it may start earlier. After flowering, shiny black berries ripen and usually remain on the bushes all winter.

The berries are poisonous to both dogs and humans, and the leaves can be even more toxic in large quantities. Their toxicity is due to the presence of terpenoid glycosides, which cause poisoning of the body.

Common privet (Ligustrum vulgare). The hardiest deciduous species, which can most often be found in the garden as a hedge. It is characterized by good winter hardiness and shade tolerance.

Through the efforts of breeders, decorative varieties have been developed that are distinguished by their crown shape: pyramidal shape, weeping, evergreen, as well as foliage color: privet aurea, glaucous, variegated group with variegated foliage and yellow-fruited.

Shiny privet (Ligustrum lucidum). This is a fairly small evergreen tree or shrub with glossy, ovate, variegated leaves, green with beige-yellow spots or edges. The flowers are small, creamy, fragrant, collected in inflorescences up to 20 cm in length. Blooms from July to early autumn. Withstands frosts down to minus 15 °C.

Excelsum Superbum is a low evergreen or semi-evergreen tree with small, glossy green leaves edged with bright yellow.

Variety “Curly Wurly” - leaves of an unusual shape, as if twisted, colored beige-green.

Japanese privet (Ligustrum japonicum). In appearance it is very similar to Ligustrum lucidum, but is more winter-hardy in cultivation. The leaves are small, evergreen, leathery, glossy.

Chinese privet (Ligustrum sinense). Semi-evergreen large shrub reaching 3 meters in height. It has small yellow-green variegated leaves. Adapts to various soil types. Dwarf variegated varieties are popular in gardening, such as Swift Creek, a small spreading bush with creamy green leaves.

"Swift Creek"

Oval-leaved privet (Ligustrum ovalifolium). A low and dense shrub with variegated, evergreen foliage. For the winter it needs shelter due to its sensitivity to frost.

Depending on the color it is divided into groups:

  • variegated green-leaved group with a light, often white border along the edges of the leaf blade;
  • silver group Argentum, the foliage of which is also bordered by a beige or light yellow stripe;
  • Aureum group or golden privet is one of the most popular in landscape design. It is a dense, compact bush about a meter tall with oval, lemon-yellow or lime-yellow leaves. A stunning dwarf 'Lemon & Lime' variety with golden leaves that contrast with the deep red or purple berries.

Almost any place in the garden for planting privet is suitable, but in order for the shrub to reach the peak of its attractiveness, it is better to plant it in an open sunny place, especially variegated varieties and species. The crop grows well on many types of substrate with good water permeability, but you should not expect plantings to flourish on highly acidic, heavy clay and sandy soils.

The best soil composition for growing is considered to be a mixture of three parts turf garden soil, two parts humus and one part coarse sand for water permeability.

Planting of single shrubs is carried out in spring or autumn in September-October, and privet for hedges is recommended to be planted from late March to summer. Although bushes with a closed root system can be planted all season.

Privet bush - description, care, planting and types with photos

Description of privet

Representatives of the genus are deciduous shrubs with numerous stems.

The leaves are opposite, petiolate or sessile, with an entire or serrate-toothed margin. The surface of the leaf is smooth or rough.

The flowers are small, collected in small quantities in racemes at the ends of the branches and in the axils of the upper leaves. The calyx is five-lobed, does not fall off for a long time, sometimes remaining even with ripe fruits. The corolla in the tube is densely pubescent, two-lipped, the upper lip is divided into four lobes. Coloring of flowers in various shades of yellow. There are 5 stamens. The pistil is long, with a capitate stigma. The ovary is two-lobed.

The fruit is a capsule that opens into two doors. The seeds are ovoid, small.

Diervilla honeysuckle or northern honeysuckle

In recent years, more and more new plants have been appearing in garden centers. And if beautifully flowering plants quickly attract attention, then some, at first glance, not so impressive-looking plants remain in the shade, although they have certain advantages. One such plant is Diervilla.

Diervilla is a shrub native to Canada and northeastern America. This shrub attracts attention with its interesting green-bronze summer leaf color, which changes to a bright orange-red color in the fall. Diervilla flowers are small, discreet, but have a delicate aroma.

This plant has such undeniable advantages as the ability to easily and quickly restore damaged ground parts, the ability to grow both in the sun and in the shade, and even under large trees, under which few plants can survive.

This shrub can also grow on poor soils and in polluted air conditions.

Plant characteristics:

  • -Botanical name - Diervilla Lonicera, in its homeland it is colloquially called Bush honeysuckle, Northern bush honeysuckle, dwarf bush honeysuckle
  • -Origin: Northeastern USA and Canada
  • -Winter hardiness - up to -40 degrees Celsius
  • -Water requirement is low
  • -Lighting requirements: full sun or partial shade
  • -Height - 1 - 1.5 m, in the Moscow region - no more than a meter


  • drought-resistant
  • after damage to the ground part, it quickly recovers
  • attracts pollinators - bees and butterflies
  • tolerates poor, rocky soils
  • can be used to control erosion on slopes

Distinctive features:

  • Fragrant flowers in summer
  • Bronze-green foliage from spring to autumn, its color is brighter when grown in well-lit areas
  • Beautiful bright red fall foliage color
  • Peeling bark of an interesting orange color
  • Low operating costs
  • Growing fast

Decorative use of diervilla:

  • — In border planting together with other drought-resistant shrubs, herbs and perennials
  • — In a forest garden in combination with maples, ferns and hostas
  • — In dry shade, for example under trees. A beautiful composition is obtained from diervilla, ferns and mahonia
  • — On slopes, to combat soil erosion
  • – Well suited for low hedges

Note: Diervilla grows best in well-drained soil. This shrub reproduces by underground stems, making it suitable for erosion control on dry slopes. In ideal conditions it can become aggressive, but in the conditions of the Moscow region this is not observed.

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What to do with green tomatoes - how to process and preserve them

The circles are very good for pizza, hot sandwiches, and focaccio. Cubes, figures or pieces fit perfectly into casseroles, stews, omelettes, or gravies, vegetable caviar. Frozen tomatoes can be stored in the freezer for about 12 months, that is, until the next harvest. But they cannot be re-frozen. If you didn’t yet know how to freeze tomatoes for the winter, now you should definitely try to put one of the described methods into practice.

After all, in winter you and your loved ones will definitely enjoy the aromatic spirit of fresh tomatoes. Despite the fact that canning tomatoes in such an unusual way is not yet particularly common among housewives, reviews of frozen tomatoes can be found mostly positive. Home Recipes Freezing Freezing tomatoes for the winter at home Freezing tomatoes for the winter at home Text.

Beauty Deutzia - exquisite exoticism in the garden

For Russians, this flowering shrub is still an exotic plant.

But getting to know him happens quickly and, as a rule, degenerates into a long-term alliance. Arriving in Europe from East Asia and named after the mayor of Amsterdam, J. van Deitz, the shrub quickly wins the love of everyone who has ever seen it.

It is not entirely correct to call a flowering perennial shrub snow-white. Some varieties have a soft pink, purple color, and various shades.

But it is the snow-white flowers that give the plant its special attractiveness. It seems to radiate tenderness itself, unique beauty.

The chic perennial alyssum has found wide application in landscape design. Features of plant care are discussed in our article.

Lawn grass red fescue - photos of finished lawns, planting and caring for the plant in order to obtain a high-quality lawn at the dacha.

And she doesn't care about smoke

Deutzia is used to decorate a site, giving it sophistication, tenderness, and true splendor.

This is especially noticeable when the shrub is grown together with weigela, distinguished by its bright pink flowers, as well as with other perennials. Deutzia looks great in combination with low-growing coniferous plants.

Sometimes you can find this plant as a hedge. In this case, the action also acts as a filter, delaying the penetration of smoke and exhaust gases into the area.

Of the more than 50 plant varieties, the following varieties of deutia are considered the most popular:

  • grandiflora;
  • purple;
  • pink;
  • rough;
  • white;
  • graceful.

Characteristic features of some types:

  1. If the first two species can grow up to two meters, then the maximum growth of the latter barely reaches 120 centimeters. Deutzia rosea especially attracts attention. Created by crossing purple and graceful, it has bell-shaped flowers, distinguished by a delicate, at the same time very bright pink color. This variety is the most resistant to frost, so it can be recommended for cultivation in the middle latitudes of Russia. This variety is also called hybrid.
  2. Purple deutzia has many varieties. All of them are united by the purple color of the flowers. Their diameter is two centimeters. They are collected in elegant baskets, each of which holds up to 15 flowers. But Deutia gracefula can have up to 50 flowers in its baskets. The result is very original snow-white bouquets framed by elongated salad-colored leaves.
  3. Deutia grandiflora is distinguished by single large flowers, up to three centimeters in diameter. The peculiarity of this plant is that it is afraid of cold weather. Therefore, experts recommend growing this variety only in the southern regions. Here they perfectly serve as a natural hedge.

In the photo there is pink deutzia

In the photo the action is rough

When choosing a site for planting this shrub, you need to pay attention to ensuring that it is not left without snow during the winter. If it is a slope, then you need to choose its southwestern side.

It is important to protect the plantings from the wind and ensure maximum sunlight.

An important procedure is soil preparation. A prerequisite is its loose composition and high degree of fertility.

A standard hole is dug for the plant, to a depth of 50 centimeters. Coarse river sand at the bottom of the hole should serve as a drainage system. Be sure to add a little wood ash and 250 grams of slaked lime.

Shrub seedlings

Deytsia is unpretentious and can grow well in any soil. But the plant blooms most brightly if it is located on loose, fertile soil. Planting of seedlings, as well as sowing of plant seeds, is carried out in the spring. Over the summer, they must take root and gain strength in order to withstand the cold season.

In the video, terry deytsia is planting material.

Growing and care

Growing and caring for deutia is not very difficult. It is important to grow the plant in a place protected from cold winds and not to allow the soil to become waterlogged.

In normal weather, for successful growth of the shrub, 20 liters of water over the entire summer is enough to water. Moreover, the last watering must be carried out no later than mid-August.

Immediately after rain or watering, the soil under the bush should be loosened. In case of rainy weather and autumn, the soil is covered with a film so that excess moisture does not penetrate to the roots of the plant.

Feeding the action does not cause any difficulties. Approximately 3.5 liters of fresh manure infusion per month is the feeding norm. Twice during the summer it is recommended to add a little superphosphate to the soil, no more than 150 grams at a time.

It should be noted that watering the plant and feeding it should only be done during flowering.

Pruning rules

But pruning of the bush should begin after it has finished flowering. The plant does not need to be pruned.

Then lush flowering bushes are formed. But most often, gardeners trim the plant, creating an original composition. This is especially important if the plant is not alone.

Gardeners usually do not grow this plant one shrub at a time. It is recommended to place the bushes at least one and a half meters from one another.

Action trimming

Young branches are also trimmed. Usually they are pruned to give the plant a neat shape, most often round. It is important to return to this procedure in the spring. During the winter, some branches freeze, or, more precisely, dry out. They should be removed.

In order to keep the bush young for many years, from time to time, when the bush begins to age, it is cut “under the stump”.

As a result, next year new growth is formed, and a young plant appears on the site instead of the old one. Usually, mineral fertilizer is applied to the plants after pruning.

It is also recommended to add no more than 300 grams of dolomite flour or fluff lime in the spring. This is usually done while digging up the soil around the plant. You can also add three kilograms of compost or rotted manure and 15 grams of potassium salt to the soil at this time.

Saving snow

To prevent the shrub from freezing in winter, it needs to be prepared.

Immediately after trimming the bush, you need to cover the soil with the paws of coniferous trees and fallen leaves. Young plantings need mulching. The best mulch for shrubs is peat.

When the air temperature drops to sub-zero values, young branches should be bent to the ground and slightly hilled. As long as the snow does not fall, the soil is suitable for hilling. But the best shelter for the winter is still snow. But this is acceptable if the plant is undersized.

The branches of tall shrubs may break during bending because they are tubular and hollow.

If the bush has not shed its leaves for the winter, which happens in some regions of Russia, this also helps the plant to withstand even such cold weather when the air temperature drops to -25 degrees and below.

Reproduction of the action does not cause any difficulties. The easiest way is to grow the plant from seeds. With the onset of spring, the seeds need to be placed on the ground and lightly pressed down. There is no need to bury them in the soil. After 20 days, the seeds will germinate and shoots will appear.

Some gardeners germinate seeds in seedling boxes. This method is even simpler.

Next spring, the seedlings need to be picked. In another year, the plant will delight you with its first flowering. Some varieties of deutia begin to bloom in the second year.

Deutia cuttings

One of the easiest ways to propagate deutia is through green cuttings. In mid-summer, cuttings are cut and planted in the ground.

It is also important to spray the plant at this time, creating artificial fog. The plant can be propagated by root shoots, layering and woody cuttings. There are many ways, and they are all simple.

Rules for green cuttings of perennial shrubs - more details in the video.

Another feature of the action attracts gardeners and landscape designers. This plant is not susceptible to diseases and is also avoided by pests.

Occasionally you can find leaf damage on a bush. This means that a bumblebee-like proboscis has settled in the plant.

You can get rid of it by treating the bush with a 0.15 percent solution of phthalophos.

Purple action

Until recently, the plant was completely unknown in Russia. Today, real fans of this plant have appeared here too. And the main ones among them are landscape designers.

This shrub is very attractive, especially when decorating parks and alleys.

Deytsia is not only beautiful, but also resistant to urban conditions.

If we add to these main properties the ease of cultivation and care, the plant’s drought resistance, and the ability to grow on any type of soil, there is no doubt that the action has a truly great future in many countries, including Russia.

The benefits and harms of unripe apples

An apple is a tasty and healthy fruit that helps to cope with many problems. This is all due to the fact that this fruit helps in the treatment of many diseases. The benefit of an unripe apple is that it contains vitamins, microelements, and is also a source of iron.

The healing power of these fruits lies in the fact that they:

  • strengthen the immune system;
  • reduce sugar levels;
  • reduces the risk of cardiovascular diseases;
  • apple has a beneficial effect on the skin;
  • normalizes the functioning of the stomach and intestines;
  • increases hemoglobin and prevents the occurrence of anemia.

Apples are even used in dietary nutrition. Thanks to this, the body is cleansed without harm.

However, they can harm the body, causing the following disorders:

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  • allergies;
  • increased gas formation;
  • exacerbation of the ulcer.

Unripe apples negatively affect the condition of tooth enamel, so after eating them you need to rinse your mouth.

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